What is Cancer Treatment/Therapy

What is Cancer Treatment/Therapy

What is cancer ?

Cancer is a disease in which some of the body’s cells grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body.

Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and multiply (through a process called cell division) to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.

What are cancer symptoms and signs?

Signs and symptoms caused by cancer will vary depending on what part of the body is affected.

Some general signs and symptoms associated with, but not specific to, cancer, include:

  • Fatigue
  • Lump or area of thickening that can be felt under the skin
  • Weight changes, including unintended loss or gain
  • Skin changes, such as yellowing, darkening or redness of the skin, sores that won't heal, or changes to existing moles
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Persistent cough or trouble breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Hoarseness
  • Persistent indigestion or discomfort after eating
  • Persistent, unexplained muscle or joint pain
  • Persistent, unexplained fevers or night sweats
  • Unexplained bleeding or bruising

Common types of cancer.

  • Bladder Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Lung Cancer - Non-Small Cell
  • Lymphoma - Non-Hodgkin
  • Melanoma
  • Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Thyroid Cancer
  • Uterine Cancer
  • Non-melanoma Skin Cancer.
  • Breast Cancer.
  • Lung Cancer.
  • Prostate Cancer.
  • Colon and Rectal Cancers.
  • Melanoma.
  • Bladder Cancer.
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

Types of Cancer Treatment

  • Biomarker Testing for Cancer Treatment.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Hormone Therapy.
  • Immunotherapy to Treat Cancer.
  • Radiation Therapy.
  • Stem Cell Transplant.
  • Surgery
  • Targeted Therapy.

Top 10 cancer specialty hospitals in India

  • 1. Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai
  • 2. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • 3. The Cancer Institute, Adyar, Chennai
  • 4. Apollo Speciality Hospital, Chennai
  • 5. The Gujarat Cancer & Research Institute, Ahmedabad
  • 6. Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Delhi
  • 7. Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bengaluru
  • 8. Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram
  • 9. HCG, Bengaluru
  • 10. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh

how much cost in cancer treatment therapy in India

For instance, the average cost of treatment for breast cancer through a private practitioner would be Rs 5-6 lakh, including investigations, surgery and radiotherapy. However, with targeted therapy, six cycles of chemotherapy can cost up to Rs 20 lakh.

how much cost in cancer treatment therapy in USA

Depending upon the stage at which the cancer was detected and the type of cancer its treatment cost in India varies between USD 3200 to USD 8000. Similarly, the cost of Chemotherapy varies from USD 650 to USD 1200 per cycle and the cost of Radiotherapy varies from USD 3500 to USD 5,000.

What Does It Mean To Have Stage 3 Breast Cancer?

Stage 3 cancer means the breast cancer has extended to beyond the immediate region of the tumor and may have invaded nearby lymph nodes and muscles, but has not spread to distant organs. Although this stage is considered to be advanced, there are a growing number of effective treatment options.

This stage is divided into three groups: Stage 3A, Stage 3B, and Stage 3C. The difference is determined by the size of the tumor and whether cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and surrounding tissue.

Uterine Cancer Stages

If you get a diagnosis of uterine cancer, your doctor may tell you what stage it is. It's a way to figure out how advanced your cancer is and what kind of treatment works best.

Before your doctor decides your stage, they'll use tests, such as a biopsy and ultrasound, to find what type of uterine cancer you have. Also called the womb, the uterus is a pear-shaped organ where babies grow.

Figuring Out Your Stage

Doctors use two ways to decide the stage of uterine cancer. One is a method created by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO). The other is the American Joint Committee of Cancer TNM staging system. The two methods are almost the same.

Symptoms. The most common sign is unusual bleeding, such as spotting and bleeding between your menstrual periods. You may also have watery or blood-tinged discharge from your vagina. If you've gone through menopause, any vaginal bleeding may be a symptom. The average age of women diagnosed with uterine cancer is 62, so it is unusual in women who are still menstruating.

Breast cancer specialist in mumbai

  • 95% Dr. Shaila Welling. Director - General Surgery. ...
  • 98% Dr. Rajeev Agarwal. Director - Cancer Institute. ...
  • 97% Dr. CH Mohana Vamsy. Chief - Surgical Oncology. ...
  • 99% Dr. Kapil Kumar. ...
  • 91% Dr. Anthony Vijay Pais. ...
  • 96% Dr. Namrata Kachhara. ...
  • 91% Dr. Naresh Kumar Soni. ...
  • 97% Dr. B Niranjan Naik.
  • Bladder Cancer.
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

Breast cancer specialist in bangalore

  • 98% Dr. K S Gopinath. Consultant - Surgical Oncology. ...
  • 91% Dr. Anthony Vijay Pais. ...
  • 97% Dr. Shabber Zaveri. ...
  • 97% Dr. Somashekhar SP. ...
  • 95% Dr. Rajshekhar C Jaka. ...
  • N/A. Dr. Aparna Subraya Gangoli. ...
  • 98% Dr. Jagannath Dixit. ...
  • 97% Dr. Aravind Ramkumar.

What Is Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer -- also called renal cancer -- is a disease in which kidney cells become malignant (cancerous) and grow out of control, forming a tumor. Almost all kidney cancers first appear in the lining of tiny tubes (tubules) in the kidney. This type of kidney cancer is called renal cell carcinoma. The good news is that most kidney cancers are found before they spread (metastasize) to distant organs. And cancers caught early are easier to treat successfully. However, these tumors can grow to be quite large before they are detected.

Doctors don't know the causes of kidney cancer. But certain factors appear to increase the risk of getting kidney cancer. For example, kidney cancer occurs most often in people older than age 40. These are some other risk factors for kidney cancer

Smoking. If you smoke cigarettes, your risk for kidney cancer is twice that of nonsmokers. Smoking cigars may also increase your risk.

Being male. Men are about twice as likely as women to get kidney cancer.

Being black. The risk in blacks is slightly higher than in whites. No one knows why.

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